phone +7 (3412) 91 60 92

Archive of Issues

Russia Izhevsk
Section Computer science
Title A foot traffic model for the fire evacuation control in a building
Author(-s) Kolodkin V.M.a, Chirkov B.V.a, Vashtiev V.K.a
Affiliations Udmurt State Universitya
Abstract The paper presents a model of foot traffic which is designed for using in a system of evacuation out of a building in case of fire - RINTD-Evac. The model supports the calculation of velocities and direction of people flows at each point depending on a situation in the building. The model uses experimentally established dependence of the rate of people movement from the number of people in near surroundings. The direction of motion at each point of the building is determined by the condition of minimality of achieving a safe zone. A brief description of software implementation of the model is given. A comparison of simulation results describing evacuation of people from a building, based on the model RINTD-Evac and well-known models FDS + Evac and Pathfinder is performed.
Keywords management of evacuation, model of foot traffic, modeling of evacuation, restrictions design
UDC 004.942
MSC 97N80, 81T80
DOI 10.20537/vm150313
Received 15 May 2015
Language Russian
Citation Kolodkin V.M., Chirkov B.V., Vashtiev V.K. A foot traffic model for the fire evacuation control in a building, Vestnik Udmurtskogo Universiteta. Matematika. Mekhanika. Komp'yuternye Nauki, 2015, vol. 25, issue 3, pp. 430-438.
  1. McGrattan K.B., Hostikka S., Floyd J.E. Fire dynamics simulator (version 5), user’s guide, NIST special publication, 2010, vol. 1019, no. 5. pp. 1-186.
  2. Jones W.W., Peacock R.D., Forney G.P., Reneke P.A. CFAST - consolidated model of fire growth and smoke transport (version 6): technical reference guide, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Special Publication, 2009, vol. 1026, no. 6, pp. 1-125.
  3. Validation Guide “SITIS: VIM”, Yekaterinburg: SITIS, 2011 (in Russian).
  4. SITIS [electronic resource]. (accessed 15/05/2015).
  5. Thompson P.A., Marchant E.W. A computer model for the evacuation of large building populations, Fire Safety Journal, 1995, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 131-148.
  6. Pathfinder [electronic resource]. (accessed 15/05/2015).
  7. Korhonen T, Hostikka S. Fire dynamics simulator with evacuation: FDS+ Evac, Technical Reference and User’s Guide, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2009.
  8. STEPS [electronic resource]. (accessed 15/05/2015).
  9. Belyaev S.V. Evakuatsiya zdanii massovogo naznacheniya (Evacuation of buildings with many people), Moscow: All-Union Academy of Architecture, 1938, vol 2.
  10. Kholshchevnikov V.V., Samoshin D.A. Evakuatsiya i povedenie lyudei pri pozharakh (Evacuation and human behavior in fires), Moscow: Academy of State Fire Service of EMERCOM of Russia, 2009.
  11. Technical Manual “SITIS: Flowtech WA 2.70”, Yekaterinburg: SITIS, 2013, 38 p. (In Russian).
  12. Hart P.E., Nilsson N.J., Raphael B. A formal basis for the heuristic determination of minimum cost paths, IEEE Transactions on Systems Science and Cybernetics, 1968, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 100-107.
  13. Technical Reference Pathfinder, Thunderhead Engineering, Manhattan, USA, 2012, 41 p.
  14. Shikhalev D.V., Khabibulin, R.Sh. Mathematical model of definition of safe evacuation directions in case of fire, Pozharovzryvobezopasnost - Fire and Explosion Safety, 2014, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 51-60.
  15. Shikhalev D.V. About structure and functions of an escape route system in buildings in case of a fire, Tekhnologii Tekhnosfernoi Bezopasnosti, 2014, no. 4 (56), pp. 1-9.
  16. QGIS [electronic resource]. (accessed 15/05/2015).
  17. Aho A.V., Hopcroft J.E., Ullman J.D. Data structures and algorithms, Amsterdam: Addison-Wesley, 1983.
  18. Grigoras Z.C. Analysing the human behavior in a fire drill. Comparison between two evacuation software: Fds+ Evac and Pathfinder, Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference CIBv, Brasov, 2014, pp. 273-280.
  19. Koshmarov Yu.A. Prognozirovanie opasnykh faktorov pozhara v pomeshchenii (Prediction of fire hazards in the room), Moscow: Academy of State Fire Service of EMERCOM of Russia, 2000.
  20. Kolodkin V.M., Varlamov D.V., Yatsenko A.A. Modern technologies of calculation and management of fire risk in buildings), Issues of Risk Analysis, 2013, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 28-37 (in Russian).
  21. Kolodkin V.M., Varlamov D.V., Morozov O.A. Quantitative assessment of fire risk public buildings territorial, Issues of Risk Analysis, 2011, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 50-56 (in Russian).
  22. Kolodkin V.M., Varlamov D.V., Malykh D.M. Quantitative assessment of fire risk of educational institutions, Pozharovzryvobezopasnost - Fire and Explosion Safety, 2010, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 4-7 (in Russian).
  23. Kolodkin V.M., Morozov O.A. Ranking areas of fire danger level of public buildings, Pozharnaya bezopasnost', 2013, no. 1, pp. 112-118 (in Russian).
Full text
<< Previous article